Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQ’S) to a Telangana Supporter
# Why do you want a
I believe that there should be many more states in
India than what we have now. A country like US which has 1/3
population of India has 50 states, why should we have 28
states only. Our population has more than tripled since we
got independence, but we have not increased states even
two-fold. Recently, India created three new states-
Uttaranchal (from Uttar Pradesh), Chattisgarh (from Madhya
Pradesh), and Jharkand (from Bihar). Why can’t we have
Telangana (from Andhra Pradesh) now? Moreover, the proposal
to carve Telangana was put along with the above three
states. Only due to certain political compulsions Telangana
was deleted from that list. There was another state in that
proposal- Vidharba (from Maharashtra). India has the
capacity and requirement to take on few more states, that
would improve administration, reduce the influence of
certain big states, allow interior and backward regions get
attention and care from the center.
# Aren’t you paving the way for breaking up of the nation?
Fighting for a new taluk, or a new district or a new state
is not same as asking for a new country. Or is it? If
that is case, no new taluks or panchayats should be carved,
no new districts should be created. Can’t we look at newer
regions taking care of changes in demographics, new cultural
issues, and new aspirations, needs and wishes? Creating new
states is constitutional and within the nationals interests.
# Why a separate Telangana? Aren’t you happy being part of
History: In 1947, India got Independence. In 1948, Indian
Army ousted Nizam of Hyderabad to include Hyderabad and its
regions into India. In 1953, Andhra was formed
(from Madras State) as a state under Reorganization of
States based on linguistic lines. In 1956, Telangana was
merged with Andhra, although there was a majority demand to
keep a separate state of (Hyderabad) Telangana. In 1956,
there were protests in Hyderabad for Telangana which was
quelled by police killing some of the protestors.
The main reasons for
not having separate Telangana then was the Congress led by
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, who was then Andhra Chief Minister
was more influential and closer to Sardar Patel
then Burgula Ramakrishna Rao , the then Hyderabad
Chief Minister and was able to convince Sardar Patel on
merger, insipte of
Nehru’s opposition of the merger. The second most
important reason being Hyderbad State being the Richest
State in Indian Union having surplus budget of over 65
crores in 1956,ready infrastructure for the CAPITAL CITY and
most important being money available for construction of
mega irrigation projects in Telangana and water for Andhra
for separate Telangana over years, especially after 1956 are
Some of them
are outlined here:
~ Telangana is less developed
compared to Andhra.
like Krishna and Godavari flow through Telangana, but
the water from the dams are sent to Andhra. Before Andhra
Pradesh formation i.e 1 Nov. 1956,,
irrigation in 17.55 lakh acres, which increased to 18.40
lakhs acres fifty years later after merger. At the same
time, in Andhra the
irrigated land increased from 34.5 lakh acres to 100.0 lakh
acres.At the time of AP formation
Telangana had 11.0
lakh acres under tank irrigation, historically as
this region was covered by network of tanks (rainwater
harvesting structures) under the rules of various kings much
before Kakathiyas to the recent time till NIzam.
This got reduced to
6.5 lakh acres due to reduced budgetary allocations to
the minor irrigation projects.
of the total catchment area of River Godavari in
Andhra Pradesh is over 72.000 sq kms is in Telangana across
seven districts, phenomenally minimum utilization of the
river for irrigation development in Telangana.12 lakh acres
in Andhra area compared to 5.0 lakh aces in Telangana. In
YSR regime Polavaram proposes to divert 80 TMC of Godavari
waters to krishna barrage to irrigate a additional 7.5 lakh
aces of land in costal districts. Telangana loose 300 tribal
habitations due to submerge along with 1.0
lakh acres of cropped land in Khammam dist.
Jurala Projects on
was started in 1968 and was expected to finish in
1971.It took almost three and half decades to complete the
project and the farmers received the water for irrigation
only in 2005. This was mainly due to poor allocation of
funds to complete this project which would irrigate over 1.0
Lakh aces in Mahabubnagar Dist.240 MW power generations was
to be completed by year 2000, but only 120MW generation is
till now, the other 120 MW is still under progress in
Srisailam Left bank canal ---It
is contemplated to provide Irrigation facilities in Drought
prone areas of Nalgonda District in addition to drinking
water to fluoride affected villages enroute. The Project is
later renamed as Alimineti Madhava Reddy Project. Originally
supposed to have completed by
1980, but nothing has happened till now except naming
it has Alimeti Madhava Reddy project/canal.
under this is 2.70 lakh acres . In comparison SRBC was
completed by late nineties irrigating roughly over2.0 lakh
acres in Rayalseema areas of Kurnool and Kadapa.
Nagarjuna Sagar project was taken up as a joint project
between the then Andhra State and the then Hyderabad State
in 1954. On the basis of the agreement, the project was to
be jointly executed with left canal to serve 7.95 lakh acres
in Nalgonda and Khammam districts with 161 TMC feet of water
as its share. Around 2 lakh acres of lands in Andhra State
limits were also to be served from the left canal.But in
reality and as a
result of the manipulation in the ayacut levels of left
canal, the ayacut in Telangana utilizes only 80 TMC feet of
water to Telangana ayacut under left canal, against its
entitlement of 161 TMC feet of water
Because of less literacy and backwardness of Telangana
people, most of the new jobs, postings in government and
education are given to people from Andhra.
~ Except for common language,
the people of Andhra and Telangana have different dialects,
histories, cultural systems, different food habits
In 1969, there was a major revolt in Telangana region by
students, professors, government employees, politicians and
many others demanding a separate state. The movement was
quashed- many were jailed. Some of the politicians got
reassurances and politicians from central leaders to some of
their demands and everything was hushed up. Over the last
thirty years, none of those reassurances and promises was
kept. Some of those assurances were turned down by the court
as well. The region is still reeling under strong Andhra
influence in all phases of social, educational, economic and
cultural life. There is a renewed struggle for a separate
state now. TRS is a political party which is exploiting this
# Aren’t Naxalites fighting for Telangana using guns?
No. Naxalites have a different agenda.
They fight for achieving equal social and economic status
through redistribution of wealth and land, and offering
justice and opportunity to the backward classes. Their fight
is seen wherever there is poverty and inequality in wealth-
like Orissa, Chattisgarh, Karnataka, etc (most of these
regions happen to be under Nizam before Independence) and is
not confined to Telangana alone.
Once the region is
prosperous Naxalities will vanish in thin air looking for
more under developed and socially oppressed regions in our
# How will a new state benefit people of Telangana?
~ Right now
the coal is mined and electricity is produced in Telangana
but most of it is supplied to Andhra region, while districts
of Medak and Adilabad have four hours of electricity during
the day during summer. In the new state, these districts
will be fed with electricity.
~ The rivers of Krishna and Godavari flow through Telangana,
and the dams are in Telangana, but the canals carrying the
water go to Andhra. In the new state, there would be new
canals bringing water to the arid regions of Telangana
bringing in prosperity to the farmers and local population. Once
there is enough water for irrigation in Telangana, people
will have better nutrition – healthier people ---- brilliant
minds, thus people exploring more avenues resulting
in more revenues to the Telangana State in particular and
India in general, thus bring prosperity to the whole region.
~ Most of the jobs, in government and education, are filled
up by people from Andhra. In the new state, these jobs will
go the local population.
# Did the other new states benefit?
Yes. Uttaranchal has introduced many sops for new industries
because of which many industries are being set up in that
Chattisgarh has opened up its university to many people
from India and is now for the first time introducing
electricity to the interior regions.
Jharkand which supplied Bihar with most of the raw materials
now has its own industry and income.
# What is the rationale for new states?
When one state has two economically and culturally different
regions, one being prosperous and the other backward, if
corrective measures are not taken to uplift that backward
region, there is a great danger that only the prosperous
region gets all the attention, funding, new industries,
canals, and opportunities, while the people of backward
region keep losing out, even in their own region. When such
a condition prevails far too long, strong corrective
measures are to be taken, and if that does not work, a new
state is one of the best solutions.
WHY TWO TELUGU NR ASSOCIATIONS IN US AND WHY NOT TWO
People who are all USA and
Canada know the answer well. We need not go into details as
this is widely debated. It is just a hypocrisy for the guys
who are taking about Samekhya
Andhra. They should first set an example in combing
these forces overseas and then get to the grass level as the
intellectuals are the one to take a lead.
If you are keen on knowing more about this topic, read
through the following posts:
Telangana I Sardar
Vallabhai Patel under Nehru Government decided to intervene.
The police action, called Operation Polo, was launched on
13th September, 1948. Within four days, Osman Ali Khan, the
Nizam, surrendered. So, the people of living in Hyderabad
State obtained Independence after one year, on 17th
This is also one reason why Sardar Patel thought Hyderabad should not
exist as a STATE by itself, which over five decades have
been proved wrong.
Telangana II: The detractors to the
formation of Telangana give the following reasons: 1. Andhra
people will take away all their investments from Telangana,
2. Muslims will dominate if Telangana becomes a State, 3.
Hyderabad will become a Union Territory; away from both
Andhra and Telangana, 4. Andhra people are hardworking,
enterprising and well-educated, 5. Andhra Telugu is superior
– everyone should become like them, 6. We will lose our
identity as Telugu people. All these are mere excuses.
reality, a separate Telangana makes sense for one reason
alone- that its people want it.
Telangana III: There is no animosity
towards anyone while creating Telangana, not even Andhra
people. Fight for Telangana is not new. It has been there
since the inception of Andhra Pradesh.TRS is just a
political party that came into cash in on the prevailing
mood of Telangana people to have a separate state. TRS is
not Telangana, which is as true as Congress and TDP is. And
one cannot rubbish a movement based on the quality of its
Telangana IV: Some of the questions
from commenter are answered here: Why should Hyderabad be
given to Telangana? Do land-locked states fail economically?
Do new states take long time to form? Will the new state has
to grapple new problems like crime?
Telangana V: Political Angle: Though we
should have got Telangana during NDA regime, it did not
happen. So, why did we not get Telangana along with
Chattisgarh, Uttarkhand and Jharkhand? So, when will we get
our Telangana? What are the political angles that are
delaying creation of Telangana?
Telangana VI: Hyderabad State?: Many
detractors would want to create a Hyderabad state out of
Telangana. Is there any merit to such a demand? Hyderabad
has always been a part of Telangana. Can the immigrants of a
land ask for a separate status by flooding a city or a piece
of land? Imagine the immigrants of Mumbai cutting the city
away from Maharashtra or Bangladeshi immigrants cutting away
Kolkata from West Bengal
and more so did
Chennai/Madras and Coimbatore come to Andhra Pradesh in
spite of having 65%
telugus in 1953.
Telangana VII: Political Drama:
TRS, the most vocal of all parties to demand a separate
Telangana lost many seats to TDP and Congress in the
recently held by-elections. What does it mean? Did Telangana
Movement lost its wind? Why did TRS bring upon us these
by-elections? Is TRS same as Telangana Movement? What is
Telangana ‘sentiment’? Why did TRS lose? Why are other
political parties embracing Telangana ‘sentiment’? Is
political outcome same as referendum?
Telangana VIII: You need to make a case:
All those who seek a Hyderabad state carved out of Telangana,
you need to make a case. First, you were not willing to give
us a separate state. Now, you ask for a separate Hyderabad
state. Your case is quite flimsy and is fraught with greed,
selfishness and extreme self-centeredness. The case for
Telangana, which includes Hyderabad as its center, was
always valid from the time of inception of the state. There
is no case of creating Hyderabad into a new state cutting it
away from Telangana.
CONCLUSIONS: The broad principles laid down by the SRC in 1956 for the creation
of the new state hold good even today. It favoured the
creation of linguistics states, but language was not the
only criterion. It said national unity, linguistic and
cultural homogeneity, geographical compactness and economic
and administrative considerations must be factored in, which
were not only ignored during the formation of Andhra Pradesh
State but continued for next five decades. So there is a
urgent need to correct this mistake and expedite the process
of going back prior to 1 NOV 1956, i.e formation of